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Types of Brain Injury

Traumatic brain injury is a type of acquired brain injury. TBIs are caused by an external force that disrupts the normal function of the brain, such as a bump, blow or jolt to the head or a penetrating head injury.

Common causes include:

  • Falls from heights as well as slips, tumbles down steps, losing balance

  • Being struck by/against something such as falling debris, being hit by a car, violence

  • Motor vehicle crashes, including motorcycles and all-terrain vehicles

  • Violence, such as domestic or gang violence, assault or shaken baby syndrome


Signs and Symptoms of Brain Injury

  • Confusion or disorientation

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Severe headache

  • Nausea or vomiting

  • Dizziness

  • Blood or clear fluid coming from nose or ears

  • Weakness, numbness or tingling in limbs

  • Trouble walking

  • Slurred speech or vision issues

  • Seizure

Sometimes, symptoms may not appear until days, weeks or months after the injury.

  • Concentration and memory problems

  • Changes in work/school performance

  • Delayed thinking and understanding

  • Poor balance and coordination

  • Sleep disturbances or fatigue

  • Ongoing headaches or neck pain

  • Sensitivity to light and noise

  • Changes in personality and behavior

  • Irritability/Aggression

  • Depression/Anxiety

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